Analysis of Langevin Monte Carlo via Convex Optimization

In this paper, we provide new insights on the Unadjusted Langevin Algorithm. We show that this method can be formulated as a first order optimization algorithm of an objective functional defined on the Wasserstein space of order $2$. Using this interpretation and techniques borrowed from convex optimization, we give a non-asymptotic analysis of this method to sample from logconcave smooth target distribution on $mathbb{R}^d$. Our proofs are then easily extended to the Stochastic Gradient Langevin Dynamics, which is a popular extension of the Unadjusted Langevin Algorithm. Finally, this interpretation leads to a new methodology to sample from a non-smooth target distribution, for which a similar study is done.

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